Acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) are characterized by a large number of cytogenetic abnormalities of clinical interest that require the use of several complementary techniques. Optical genome mapping (OGM) is based on analysis of ultra-high molecular weight DNA molecules that provides a high-resolution genome-wide analysis highlighting copy number and structural anomalies, including balanced translocations. We compared OGM to standard techniques (karyotyping, fluorescent in situ hybridization, single nucleotide polymorphism-array and reverse transcription multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification) in 10 selected B or T-ALL. Eighty abnormalities were found using standard techniques of which 72 (90%) were correctly detected using OGM. Eight discrepancies were identified, while 12 additional anomalies were found by OGM. Among the discrepancies, 4 were detected in raw data but not retained because of filtering issues. However, 4 were truly missed, either because of a low variant allele frequency or because of a low coverage of some regions. Of the additional anomalies revealed by OGM, 7 were confirmed by another technique, some of which are recurrent in ALL such as LMO2-TRA and MYC-TRB fusions. Despite false positive anomalies due to background noise and a case of inter-sample contamination secondarily identified, the OGM technology was relatively simple to use with little practice. Thus, OGM represents a promising alternative to cytogenetic techniques currently performed for ALL characterization. It enables a time and cost effective analysis allowing identification of complex cytogenetic events, including those currently inaccessible to standard techniques. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.