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Genomic rearrangements have consequences for introgression breeding as revealed by genome assemblies of wild and cultivated lentil species

bioRxiv 2021
Ramsay L. et al

Larissa RamsayChu Shin KohSateesh KagaleDongying GaoSukhjiwan KaurTeketel HaileTadesse S. GelaLi-An ChenZhe CaoDavid J. KonkinHelena ToegelováJaroslav DoleželBenjamin D. RosenRobert StonehouseJodi L. HumannDorrie MainClarice J. CoyneRebecca J. McGeeDouglas R. CookR. Varma PenmetsaAlbert VandenbergCrystal ChanSabine BannizaDavid EdwardsPhilipp E. BayerJacqueline BatleySripada M. UdupaKirstin E. Bett

Abstract

Understanding the genomic relationship between wild and cultivated genomes would facilitate access to the untapped variability found in crop wild relatives. We developed genome assemblies of a cultivated lentil (Lens culinaris) as well as a wild relative (L. ervoides). Comparative analyses revealed large-scale structural rearrangements and additional repetitive DNA in the cultivated genome, resulting in regions of reduced recombination, segregation distortion and permanent heterozygosity in the offspring of a cross between the two species. These novel findings provide plant breeders with better insight into how best to approach accessing the novel variability available in wild relatives.

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